How the participation of key stakeholders is ensured? Who should regulate the cooperation between the community, municipality and developers?
The housing agency (HA) would regulate and coordinate the process. It is an agglomeration of municipal analytical institutions or a separate body within the Department of Urban Development.
The responsibilities of HA include:
■ collection and analysis of the city data on housing demand and proposal;
■ preparation of the zonning for online cadaster;
■ support in evaluation of the development proposals;
■ support and control of the development of detailed masterplan based on the proposal
■ post-analysis of the projects and development of the local legislation changes;
■ delegation and control of the participation process.
Housing Agency should also develop a Sustainable Housing Development program, which would be:
■ a guide to the city masterplan for the development of housing;
■ a localization of Sustainable Development Goals and a guide for the new housing development process;
■ realization of the city housing provision strategy.
Could you give examples of application such a procedure anywhere?
In most cases, the state establishes this process in the form of spatial development policies or the legislation, as it is in Germany (Concepts and strategies for spatial development), UK (National Planning Policy Framework) and Finland (Urban Growth Agreements). There are both spatial and non-spatial instruments for the realization of a housing policy: reserve and inclusive zoning, housing subsidies and credits, tax lowering etc. In our case, a decentralization of non-working state housing policy should occur, and the local strategies for its realization should be developed.