CANactions
Sustainable and city-oriented process of housing development
Interview with CANactions Students' Team
of Advanced Studies in Integrated Urban
Development 2017/18
Sustainable and city-oriented process of housing development
Interview with CANactions Students' Team of Advanced Studies
in Integrated Urban Development 2017/18
CANactions Students' Team of Advanced Studies in Integrated Urban Development 2017/18 has developed a new decision-making procedure in housing construction in cities. Before the lecture in the frame of CANactions Public Program, Oleksandr Anisimov, Olena Diadikova, Mariia Palchuk, Anna Potanina and Igor Tyshchenko told CANactions about their project and the role of CANactions School in its development.
What was the premise of your research? Why are you interested in decision-making process in housing construction in cities?

We became interested in the decision-making process in the framework of problematic development of the Zboїshchia neighborhood in Lviv (which we analysed during our studies CANactions School for Urban Studies). After analyzing the situation, we concluded that the problems with the detailed plan of the territory and development of the district are caused by decision-making processes. Therefore, we reviewed the principles of development of the city-based projects and cooperation between key stakeholders, instead of offering new concepts for the spatial development of the neighborhood.
Working process during the ASIUD 2017/18
What do you suggest?

We propose changes to the current decision-making process in housing development, which should lead to the:

■ establishment of the practices of stakeholders engagement;
■ creation of criteria and project quality control;
■ development of the mixed-income and affordable housing.

Thus, we are talking about the new game rules for developers, communities and city managers, to ensure sustainable and socially oriented development of the city.
Working process during the ASIUD 2017/18
How the participation of key stakeholders is ensured? Who should regulate the cooperation between the community, municipality and developers?

The housing agency (HA) would regulate and coordinate the process. It is an agglomeration of municipal analytical institutions or a separate body within the Department of Urban Development.

The responsibilities of HA include:

■ collection and analysis of the city data on housing demand and proposal;
■ preparation of the zonning for online cadaster;
■ support in evaluation of the development proposals;
■ support and control of the development of detailed masterplan based on the proposal
■ post-analysis of the projects and development of the local legislation changes;
■ delegation and control of the participation process.

Housing Agency should also develop a Sustainable Housing Development program, which would be:

■ a guide to the city masterplan for the development of housing;
■ a localization of Sustainable Development Goals and a guide for the new housing development process;
■ realization of the city housing provision strategy.

Could you give examples of application such a procedure anywhere?

In most cases, the state establishes this process in the form of spatial development policies or the legislation, as it is in Germany (Concepts and strategies for spatial development), UK (National Planning Policy Framework) and Finland (Urban Growth Agreements). There are both spatial and non-spatial instruments for the realization of a housing policy: reserve and inclusive zoning, housing subsidies and credits, tax lowering etc. In our case, a decentralization of non-working state housing policy should occur, and the local strategies for its realization should be developed.
Working process during the ASIUD 2017/18
How studying in CANactions School for Urban Studies influenced your professional interests and further professional activity?

CANactions School of Urban Studies helped us to see the invisible and underlying principles of urban management, to focus on the possibilities of systemic influence, rather than individual microprojects. Communication with the mentor, as well as strong educational content, has taught us to think beyond the "problem-solution" framework, and to pay attention to all, even insignificant and weak, connections and dependencies. Therefore, we are thankful to the CANactions School for the development of this project and for our professional growth in this matter.
Text: Olena Vozniak
Photos: Margo Didichenko